Pope St. John XXIII (1881 – 1963) was the head of the Church from 1958 to 1963. He came from a farming Italian family and his original name was Angelo Roncalli. As priest, bishop and cardinal, Pope John XXIII worked in many places in Europe throughout the turbulent period covering two World Wars. Thus he had deep understanding of modern human condition. When he was elected Pope at the age of 77, he called the Second Vatican Council, which sought to help the Church address the challenges of the modern world. The humble, jovial and simple Pope John XXIII is known as the Good Pope. His feast day is on 11 October.